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Hemispherectomy for Hemimegalencephaly Due to Tuberous Sclerosis and a Review of the Literature

      Abstract

      Background

      Hemimegalencephaly with tuberous sclerosis complex is an uncommon association, usually associated with intractable seizures that begin in the neonatal period or early infancy. Typically, the seizures are managed with medications until the patient is older when surgical treatment is considered safe.

      Patient Description

      We describe a 7-week-old infant with tuberous sclerosis (TSC1 mutation) and hemimegalencephaly who underwent a functional hemispherectomy for status epilepticus. No clinical seizures have occurred since surgery nearly 5 years ago and subsequent weaning of antiepileptic drugs 3 years ago. This is one of the youngest patients with tuberous sclerosis complex treated with a hemispherectomy and one of seven patients described in the literature.

      Conclusions

      Our patient, along with previously reported cases, suggests that a hemispherectomy is a viable option in the very young. With evolution of this surgical process since its inception nearly 6 decades ago, it may now be performed safely in early infancy, engendering the possibility of seizure freedom in most and thus optimizing neurodevelopmental outcome.

      Keywords

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